Sarcoidosis is a disease caused by the deposition of granulomas in body organs. It is more often found in the lungs, but may also be seen in the lymph nodes, liver, eyes and skin. The granulomas may eventually disappear or become scars.

What are the symptoms of sarcoidosis?
Symptoms of sarcoidosis can vary greatly. Some people may have minor symptoms that do not worsen. Others discover they have the disease during a chest x-ray that is ordered for other reasons. If sarcoidosis is present in the lungs, patients may complain of a dry cough, chest pain or shortness of breath. In patients with sarcoidosis outside of the lungs, they may complain of fever, soreness of the eyes, swollen ankles, scaly rash or red bumps on the legs.

More general symptoms are:
-Weight loss
-Aching joints
-Enlarged lymph nodes

How is sarcoidosis diagnosed?
Your physician will take a medical history and perform a physical examination.

Testing may also include:
-Blood tests
-Chest X-ray
-Pulmonary function test
-Biopsy of the affected site

How is sarcoidosis treated?
Many patients with sarcoidosis improve without treatment. If treatment is recommended, the main goal is to relieve the symptoms. Corticosteroids may be given to combat symptoms of shortness of breath, joint pain or fever. Follow-up appointments are important to monitor any changes or improvements in the disease and adjust treatment if necessary. It is important that patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis do not smoke and avoid irritants that may harm the lungs.


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