An infection in the lungs is called pneumonia. Pneumonia may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other organisms.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
Symptoms of pneumonia can vary due to what is causing the pneumonia. Symptoms can include:
-Sputum (phlegm) production
-Chest pain
-Chills and sweats
-Shortness of breath

People who exhibit these symptoms should see their physician.

How is pneumonia diagnosed?
Your physician will take a medical history and perform a physical examination including listening to your lungs.

Additional tests may include:
-Blood tests
-Chest X-ray

-Sputum specimen

How is pneumonia treated?
Treatment will vary according to the cause of the pneumonia.

Treatment may include:
-Bed rest
-Over the counter medications to alleviate aches, pains, coughing and fever
-Oxygen may be needed in severe cases of pneumonia.

Can pneumonia be prevented?
For those at greater risk of developing pneumonia, the following may be helpful:

-Stop smoking
-Get a pneumonia vaccine
-Get a flu vaccine
-Maintain good hygiene to help reduce the spread of cold and flu germs.


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